- History of Linux on PDAs and Smartphones
This list is limited to devices reasonably well supported by a mainline kernel. If you know more currently supported devices, please contact me or submit a pull request.
- Motorola Droid 4
- runs Maemo Leste and postmarketOS.
- Nokia N900
- shipped with Maemo 5, supported by Maemo Leste and postmarketOS
- Pine64 PinePhone (see distributions below)
- Purism Librem5 (in development)
- Samsung Galaxy Note II
- supported by Replicant
- Samsung Galaxy S III
- supported by Replicant
See also: postmarketOS Community devices
- Pine64 PineTab
- Various x86_64 tablets
- Arch Linux ARM, PinePhone images
- Debian based
- Fedora, images
- LuneOS (webOS continuation), builds
- Manjaro ARM for PinePhone: Plasma Mobile, Phosh
- Nemo Mobile, Pine Phone builds, newer builds/images
- NixOS mobile
- openSuSE/slem.os, images, gitlab
- postmarketOS, images
- Replicant, Free Software Android. PinePhone wiki page, not builds yet. GloDroid offers (not as free) Android images for PinePhone already.
- SHR (Stable Hybrid Release, dormant? github seems active).
- SailfishOS, unofficial flashing script
- Ubuntu based
- Yocto Project (“creates custom embedded distributions for you”)
Mobile optimized Linux Software Lists
- awesome floss mobile
- Mobile GNU/Linux Apps (I have plans to iterate on this list providing information on software availability across distributions (likely help needed)).
- The Mobian Wiki has a nice list of Apps. It applies to all Phosh based distributions and has nice information including the App ID (which you will need to scale apps properly with
scale-to-fit), although you might have to take a different route to get the software installed.
- Open-Store.io: The UBports app store.
- OpenRepos.net: Collection of Mer and Sailfish apps.
History of Linux on PDAs and Smartphones
- 2000: Agenda VR3 PDA (Wikipedia)
- 2001: GMate Yopy (Wikipedia),
- 2002: Sharp Zaurus SL-5500G (Wikipedia)
- Sharp would continue to produce many more Linux powered PDAs till about 2005.
- 2005: Nokia 770 Internet Tablet (Wikipedia)
- In addition to the named devices and their followups there were ports of Linux to devices like Windows CE/Windows Mobile based devices, booting via
haret, mainly by projects like linuxtogo.org and handhelds.org. Other victims of linuxification were Psion Revo PDA and later ARM based Palm PDA. See also The Linux Documentation Project and the memento of tuxmobil.org.
- 2005: Motorola E680 running the Motorola EZX platform, limited availability to Asia. The later A780 model (Wikipedia) featuring GPS for navigation was released to Europe, too. The EZX phones, of which only the A910 (Wikipedia had WiFi, were target devices of the OpenEZX project (Wikipedia), which worked on adding mainline Linux support (at the time 2.6) to the EZX family of devices.
- 2006: Trolltech Greenphone (Wikipedia), developer device
- 2007: OpenMoko/FIC Neo 1973 (openmoko.org): The first smartphone hardware made specifically with the intention to run FOSS GNU/Linux software.
- 2008: OpenMoko FreeRunner (openmoko.org): Iterative improvement on the Neo 1973, sold in larger quantities. The not that fast ARMv4 processor was not the main problem, as the added graphics accelerator turned out to be a graphics decelerator as it could not handle the 480x640 pixels of the 2.6” display.
- 2008: HTC Dream/T-Mobile G1 (Wikipedia): first commercial Android smartphone)
- 2009: Nokia N900 (Wikipedia): Nokia’s first Linux smartphone running Maemo 5 (Debian based with a GTK2 interface).
- 2011: Golden Delicious/Open Phoenux GTA 04 (openphoenux.org): An attempt to equip the old OpenMoko hardware with newer, TI OMAP3 based boards.